Psychodynamics, also known as dynamic psychology, in its broadest sense, is an approach to psychology that emphasizes the systematic study of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, feelings, and emotions and how they might relate to the early experience.
All the different personality theories were rather interesting and had some merit but most of them seemed like half truths or not complete pictures. It’s why I found Psychodynamic the most interesting. Psychodynamic aims more to look at the whole picture by focusing on the individual. Not by just focusing on one aspect of the other theories tend to do. It focuses on not just the emotional state of the individual but, their history and culture and how it all adds up to who they are and how they behave by getting into the individual’s head.
Psychodynamic assumes behind our behavior and feelings is an unconscious motive rooted in our childhood experiences. It also assumes that all behaviors are predetermined. It also is based on personality is made up of three parts, the Id, the Ego and the Superego. The Id is our basic drive from when we were an infant. We feel hungry so we cry till whatever basic need is filled. As we grow the Ego develops. Ego is like Id in it seeks to fulfill basic needs but, makes it realistic. With Id if you were tired you’d just sleep with Ego, you are tired but, you’re at school you can take a nap when you get home. After a few years, the Superego develops. This is where our environment and culture come into play. Our family, friends and even society help develop the Ego. The Superego is kind of like our moral compass. It not only helps us realize what’s realistic but if it’s something that we should do. The Superego consists of two systems, Conscience, and ideal self. The conscience can punish the ego through guilt and fear. The ideal self is who we imagine we are or want to be. It’s the part of us that motivates us not just with our careers but, also how we treat others. Kind of reminds me of a statement a psychologist friend told me. The ego, (ideal self) thinks it exists but, it does not. If we see ourselves as better than others we treat people as if they are our lessors because of the way we perceive ourself.
The thing I find fascinating the most is how this theory digs down deep to figure out how people tick and doesn’t force people into tiny boxes.
Id, Ego and Superego (McLeod 2007)
Psychodynamic Approach (McLeod 2007)